Cellular Differences: Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic Cells

What are the key differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells in terms of physical features?

a. Prokaryotic cells are smaller and lack nuclei and other membrane-bound organelles, typically round or rod-shaped.
b. Eukaryotic cells are larger, have a nucleus, membrane-bound organelles, and can have different shapes due to a flexible membrane.

Answer:

Prokaryotic cells are smaller and lack nuclei and other membrane-bound organelles, typically round or rod-shaped. Eukaryotic cells are larger, have a nucleus, membrane-bound organelles, and can have different shapes due to a flexible membrane.

Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells are distinctly different in their size, shape, and structural features. Prokaryotic cells are generally smaller in size, ranging from 0.1 to 5.0 micrometers, and they lack a nucleus as well as other membrane-bound organelles. On the other hand, eukaryotic cells are larger, typically in the range of 10 to 100 micrometers. They possess a nucleus and other organelles enclosed within membranes.

The shape of prokaryotic cells is usually round or rod-shaped, whereas a eukaryotic cell can have varied shapes due to the presence of a cell membrane. Prokaryotic cells carry out their life processes in the cytoplasm whereas eukaryotic cells have specialized structures called organelles for performing different functions.

It's fascinating to explore the intricate differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, each showcasing unique characteristics that contribute to the complexity of life on Earth.

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